One of the greatest Hindi poet Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh was born on November 13, 1917 in Madhya Pradesh. His father Madhav Rao Muktibodh was a sub inspector. His early education was in many places – Ujjain, Vidisha, etc. He did BA independently in 1938 at the University of Agra.
He started working as a middle school teacher at different places – Badnagar, Ujjain.He passed MA in 1953 in Hindi from Nagpur University. He tried to do several jobs but due to his love for poetry and literature, he failed to continue anywhere. He worked for ‘Naya Khoon’ and ‘Vasudha’ magazine also.
One of the pioneers of modern poetry in India Muktibodh was published in the different volumes of ‘Tar Saptak’ edited by Ajnaya in 1940’s that led Hindi towards Experimentalism from Chhayavaad, one type of romanticism. Among the most important work ‘Brahmarakshas’, ‘Chand ka Muh Teda hai’, ‘Bhuri Bhuri Khak Dhul’, and ‘Andhere Mein.’ His most of the poems are very long. It was a great paradox of his life and for entire Indian literature that when his first landmark poetry collection ‘Chand ka Muh Teda hai’ published, he died. Some of his books other than poetry are Kath Ka Sapna (Anthology of Short stories, 1967), Satah Se Uthta Admi (Anthology of Short stories, 1971), Nayi Kavita ka Atmasangharsh tatha anya Nibandha (Essays, 1964), Ek Sahityik ki Dairy (Essays, 1964), Naye sahitya ka saundarya-shastra (1971), Kamayani: Ek punarvichar (1973) .
He and his work was very much influenced with Marxism and Socialism. He was deeply associated with Progressive Writers’ Movement. His stature in Hindi poetry is no less than Nirala. He died on September 11, 1964 in Delhi.